Reima Pietilä Kaleva Church

Source: Alvar Aalto MuseumPhotography: Iñaki Bergera
Date: June 24, 2017 Category: Classic

Tampere 1959-66

I do not know the rules for designing a ‘correct’ modern church. But I do know that in goog modern architecture the exterior and interior spaces form a constructive union. Perhaps in the church, a certain ‘genius loci’ together with the construction becomes ‘metaphorical’. In orther words – an architectural imagery emerges and communicates. The church is “a limenphenomenon” an ‘ eternal-between-two-worlds’; a metaphor for ‘this-side-nees’ and ‘that-side-ness’… Kaleva Church is a functionalistic building if we accept that its function is to be a metaphor of metaphysical ideas and that its artistic form can then follow that!

Genius Loci – personal interpretations. SAFA seminar on architecture and urban planning 1982

The following form relationships give the composition its character: 1) as the ‘form embryo ‘, an angled fine, 2) al/ ’embryos’ vary in size, 3) at least tour ’embryos’ in each form unit, 4) the form characteristics are continuous in adjacent form units, and 5) there is continuous transformation of form characteristics within the groups of adjacent form units and 6) there is a contradiction of form characteristics in the form units situat-ed in relations differing in denomination.

Kaleva Curch. Arkkitehti 11-12/66 (Translated by Fred A. Fewster)

 You have said that Umberto 8occioni is the architect of Kaleva Church or that Suvikum-pu is de Stilj architecture in Finland. How is it so?

The young generation of artists and architects were creating in the relatively short period of 1910-1920 many new and revolutionary cultural ideas that stilj are living architecture. Forme the ltalian Futurist Movement has been a source of impulses. lt is necessary to fill certain gaps in the development of our present architecture also. Thus Kaleva church is emerging from the sculptural space concept of Umberto Boccioni. I was conscious of this spiritual descendance. Thus.¡ design became an “homage to Boccioni”.

The dwellings of Suvikumpu in Tapiola ha ve the character of that “Art-Architecture Synthesis” typical for the early Bauhaus. The studygroup, Le Carré Bleu, founded by Aulis Blomstedt in the middle fifties, was analyzing the heritage of Functionalism. From that time comes the idea of REVIT ALIZED HERITAGE that is applied experimentally also in Dipoli. lf I have to date its origin then the year 1910 and Futurism could be the hit.

An lntrospective lnterview. A+U 9/74

6 Comments

  • bandini 04/14/2013

    Nadie ha explicado mejor a los Pietilä que Roger Connah (Writing Architecture). Reima y Railli fueron despreciados por los arquitectos fineses de su generación pues, igual que Michel Houellebecq llamaban a las cosas por su nombre. Mejor aún, siendo arquitectos, llamaban las cosas por su ambiente.

    Reply
  • TR 03/30/2013

    M’afegeixo al darrer comentari. És exemplar com la bella arquitectura d’aquest mestre (ignorat a tantes escoles) trascendeix al pas del temps i conserva la seva modernitat en un estat de conservació (econòmic i senzill) admirable…tot aixó sabent que moltes de les obres que hem premiat aquests darrers anys no arribaran a la mateixa vellesa ni amb una centèssima part d’aquesta bellesa i dignitat.

    Reply
  • N 03/30/2013

    5 décadas muy bien llevadas…

    Reply
  • Jordi Badia 03/29/2013

    Tuve la suerte de visitar esta iglesia hace unos pocos años, inmerso en un viaje en el cual el objetivo era Alvar Aalto, y el resto no esperaba que fueran más que complementos al eje principal de mi visita a Finlandia. Pero como en todos los viajes, aparecieron algunas sorpresas… Siren y Pietilä…
    Recuerdo el momento de acceder a la iglesia, que sólo conocía por publicaciones en blanco y negro con fotografías como las que ilustran este post… el silencio y la tristeza de una ceremonia funeraria que casualmente se estaba celebrando, el blanco, la escala del espacio…
    Un “lugar” verdaderamente impresionante, tal y como apunta sep…
    La fundación de un lugar, allí donde no había nada más que… aire.

    Reply
  • sep 03/29/2013

    impresionant….

    Reply

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